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Reasons for Pelvic Laparoscopy

Outline front view of female pelvis showing vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

Laparoscopy gives your surgeon a direct view of the reproductive organs. This can help your surgeon find out what’s causing problems such as pain, bleeding, or difficulty getting pregnant. Depending on the cause, treatment is sometimes part of the same surgery. Talk with your surgeon about this possibility before the surgery. Conditions often diagnosed and treated are shown below.

Cross section front view of vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Cyst or tumor is on ovary. Embryo is in fallopian tube causing tubal pregnancy. Fibroid is growing on uterus. Endometriosis tissue is on ovary. Adhesions connect ovary to fallopian tube. Fallopian tube is blocked.

Tubal pregnancy occurs when an embryo implants in a fallopian tube. Untreated, the tube can rupture and bleed.

A fibroid (lump of uterine muscle tissue) can cause pain and bleeding.

Endometriosis (growth of uterine lining tissue outside the uterus) can lead to pain, bleeding, and difficulty getting pregnant.

A cyst (fluid-filled sac) or tumor (abnormal growth) can form on the ovary. This can cause pain and other health problems.

Adhesions (scar tissue) can cause pain and difficulty getting pregnant.

A blocked or damaged fallopian tube can cause difficulty getting pregnant.

Author: StayWell Custom Communications
Last Annual Review Date: 5/15/2011
Copyright © The StayWell Company, LLC. except where otherwise noted.
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